Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or attention deficit disorders (ADD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity).

It is divided into three subtypes, each with its own pattern of behaviors:

  1. An inattentive type, with signs that include:
    • Inability to pay attention to details or a tendency to make careless errors in schoolwork or other activities
    • Difficulty with sustained attention in tasks or play activities
    • Apparent listening problems
    • Difficulty following instructions
    • Problems with organization
    • Avoidance or dislike of tasks that require mental effort
    • Tendency to lose things like toys, notebooks, or homework
    • Distractibility
    • Forgetfulness in daily activities
  2. A hyperactive-impulsive type, with signs that include:
    • Fidgeting or squirming
    • Difficulty remaining seated
    • Excessive running or climbing
    • Difficulty playing quietly
    • Always seeming to be "on the go"
    • Excessive talking
    • Blurting out answers before hearing the full question
    • Difficulty waiting for a turn or in line
    • Problems with interrupting
  3. A combined type, which involves a combination of the other two types and is the most common.

The main features of attention deficit disorder (or ADHD) are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. But, because most young children display these behaviors from time to time, it is important not to assume that every child you see with these symptoms has ADHD.

Possible causes of ADHD include:

  • Genes:
    ADHD has a strong genetic basis in the majority of cases, as a child with ADHD is four times as likely to have had a relative who was also diagnosed with attention deficit disorder.
  • Nutrition and Food:
    Certain components of the diet, including food additives and sugar, can have clear effects on behavior. Some experts believe that food additives may exacerbate ADHD. And a popular belief is that refined sugar may be to blame for a range of abnormal behaviors. However, the belief that sugar is one of the primary causes of attention deficit disorder does not have strong support in the research data.
  • The Environment:
    There may be a link between ADHD and maternal smoking. However, women who suffer from ADHD themselves are more likely to smoke, so a genetic explanation cannot be ruled out. Lead exposure has also been suggested as a contributor to ADHD.
  • Brain Injury:
    Brain injury may also be a cause of attention deficit disorder in some very small minority of children. This can come about following exposure to toxins or physical injury, either before or after birth. Experts say that head injuries can cause ADHD-like symptoms in previously unaffected people.

Diagnosis:

While the symptoms of attention deficit disorder (ADHD) may appear commonplace in many people's behavior (as many symptoms for mental disorders are), there is a set of specific diagnostic criteria used by trained health professionals to make the diagnosis.
The official diagnostic criteria for ADHD state that the symptoms must occur beyond the extent that is normal for the person's age, and must occur in a variety of different situations (e.g., not just school). For a diagnosis of ADHD, the symptoms must also have appeared before the age of 7 (for childhood ADHD), and have continued for at least 6 months.
The signs of possible attention deficit disorder may first be noticed long before the child begins school. Their lack of attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity may be seen when they lose interest in playing a game or watching a TV show, or if the child runs around and seems completely out of control.
Sometimes it's another adult who first suspects that a child may have attention deficit disorder, such as a babysitter or teacher. Teachers with experience of the disorder are particularly well placed to identify the symptoms of ADHD, especially as the symptoms are particularly evident in the school environment when teachers have come to know how children "typically" behave. The inattentive form of ADHD may be missed for some time in pupils who are seemingly cooperative.
Once a specialist is consulted, the professional will begin to gather information on the child's unusual behavior and rule out possible causes other than ADHD, for example:

  • A sudden change in the child's life, such as death of a close relative, divorce, or a parent's job loss
  • Previously undetected seizures
  • Middle ear infection, which can cause hearing problems
  • Other types of medical disorder that may be affecting the child's brain
  • Learning disability
  • Anxiety and/or depression

Treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has two important components - psychotherapy interventions (for both the child and the parents; or the adult with ADHD) and medications.
Conventional medicines have a list of side effects that includes reduced appetite, headache, a "jittery" feeling, irritability, sleep difficulties, gastrointestinal upset, increased blood pressure, depression or anxiety, and/or psychosis.
Here, homoeopathy plays a pivotal role. Our medicines are non suppressive & without any side effects. Homoeopathy decreases complaints like hyper-activity and inattention. Homoeopathy arrests the disease condition in the early stages and does not allow further progress of the disease. Homoeopathy does not suppress the symptoms like restlessness, etc. instead it rolls them out from their constitution.
Homoeopathy individualizes every child by its individual features and personal preferences. Under homoeopathic treatment, children will experience improvement in concentration, improved behavior, and enhanced academic performance. Also, they will be less restless, less impulsive and less violent in their day-to-day life.

 
 

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