Anaemia is a condition that develops when your blood does not contain enough healthy red blood cells. These cells are the main transporters of oxygen to the organs in your body. Symptoms of anaemia - like fatigue - occur because your organs aren't getting enough oxygen.
Anaemia is the most common blood condition. Women and people with chronic diseases are at increased risk of anaemia. Important factors to remember are:
- Certain forms of anaemia are hereditary and infants may be affected from the time of birth.
- Women in the childbearing years are particularly susceptible to a form of anaemia called iron-deficiency anaemia, because of the blood loss from menstruation and the increased blood supply demands during pregnancy.
- The elderly may also have a greater risk of developing anaemia because of poor diet and other medical conditions.
There are many types of anaemia. All are very different in their causes and treatments. Iron-deficiency anaemia, the most common type, is easily treated with dietary changes and iron supplements. However, some types of anaemia may present lifelong health problems.
Causes:There are many types of anaemia which are divided into three groupings:
- Anaemia caused by blood loss
- Anaemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production
- Anaemia caused by excessive destruction of red blood cells
Anaemia caused by blood loss
Red blood cells can be lost through bleeding, which can occur slowly over a long period of time, and can often go undetected. This kind of chronic bleeding commonly results from the following:
Anaemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production. The body may produce too few blood cells or the blood cells may not work properly. In either case, anaemia can result. Red blood cells may be faulty or decreased due to abnormal red blood cells or a lack of minerals and vitamins needed for red blood cells to work properly.
Iron deficiency anaemia occurs because of a lack of the mineral iron in the body. Bone marrow, found in the centre of the long bones in the body, needs iron to make haemoglobin, the part of the red blood cell that transports oxygen to the body's organs. Without adequate iron, the body cannot produce enough haemoglobin for red blood cells. The result is iron deficiency anaemia. Iron deficiency anaemia can be caused by the following:
- An iron-poor diet, especially in infants, children, teens and vegetarians
- The metabolic demands of pregnancy and breastfeeding that deplete a woman's iron stores
- Frequent blood donation
- Certain drugs, foods, and caffeinated drinks etc.
Anaemia caused by excessive destruction of red blood cells
It could occur in conditions in which red blood cells are destroyed and removed from the bloodstream before their normal lifespan is over.
Symptoms of Anaemia:
- Common symptoms are due to the reduced amount of oxygen in the body. These include: tiredness, lethargy, feeling faint, and becoming easily breathless.
- Less common symptoms include: headaches, palpitations, altered taste, and ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
- You may look pale.
- Various other symptoms may develop, depending on the underlying cause of the anaemia.
Left untreated, anemia can cause numerous complications, such as:
- Severe fatigue. When anemia is severe enough, you may be so tired that you can't complete everyday tasks. You may be too exhausted to work or play.
- Heart problems. Anemia can lead to a rapid or irregular heartbeat - an arrhythmia. Your heart must pump more blood to compensate for the lack of oxygen in the blood when you're anemic. This can even lead to congestive heart failure.
- Death. Some inherited anaemias, such as sickle cell anemia, can be serious and lead to life-threatening complications. Losing a lot of blood quickly results in acute, severe anemia and can be fatal.
At this stage homoeopathy can play a pivotal role in strengthening the immune system to prevent further complications. The homeopathic approach in selecting the medicine whereby a range of questions are asked to the patient and based on the analysis and evaluation of various symptoms, a remedy is selected for the individual case. Homeopathic treatment is 'individual specific and not disease specific.' The treatments are non suppressive & non invasive so do not provide only temporary relief but helps to find the root cause of the underlying condition
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