Cardiac Diseases

Cardiovascular disease (also called heart disease) is a class of diseases that involve the heart, the blood vessels (arteries, capillaries, and veins) or both. Cardiovascular disease refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system, principally cardiac disease, vascular diseases of the brain and kidney, and peripheral arterial disease. The causes of cardiovascular disease are diverse but atherosclerosis and/or hypertension are the most common. Additionally, with aging come a number of physiological and morphological changes that alter cardiovascular function and lead to subsequently increased risk of cardiovascular disease, even in healthy asymptomatic individuals.

Angina - also known as angina pectoris, occurs when an area of heart muscle does not get enough oxygen. The patient experiences chest discomfort, tightness or pain. Angina is not technically a disease, but rather a symptom of coronary artery disease.

Arrhythmia - an irregular heartbeat.

  • Tachycardia is when the heart beats too fast
  • Bradycardia is when the heart beats too slowly
  • Premature contraction is when the heart beats too early
  • Fibrillation is when the heart beat is irregular

Arrhythmias are problems with heart-rhythm. They happen when the heart's electrical impulses that co-ordinate heartbeat do not work properly, making the heartbeat in a way it should not, too fast, slowly or erratically.

Irregular heartbeats are common, we all experience them. They feel like a fluttering or a racing heart. However, when it happens because of a damaged or weak heart, they need to be taken more seriously and treated. Irregular heartbeats can become fatal.

Congenital Heart Disease - this is a general term for some birth defects that affect how the heart works. Congenital means born with it. Examples include:

  • Septal defects - there is a hole between the two chambers of the heart. This condition is sometimes called hole in the heart.
  • Obstruction defects - the flow of blood through various chambers of the heart is partially or even totally blocked
  • Cyanotic heart disease - not enough oxygen is pumped around the body because there is a defect (or some defects) in the heart

Coronary Artery Disease - the coronary arteries, which supply the heart with nutrients, oxygen and blood become diseased or damaged, usually because of plaque deposits (cholesterol-containing deposits). Plaque accumulation narrows the coronary arteries and the heart gets less oxygen.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy - in this disorder the heart chambers become dilated because the heart muscle has become weak and cannot pump blood properly. The most common reason is not enough oxygen reaching the heart muscle (ischemia) due to coronary artery disease. Usually the left ventricle is affected.

Myocardial Infarction - also known as heart attack, cardiac infarction and coronary thrombosis. Interrupted blood flow (lack of oxygen) damages or destroys part of the heart muscle. This is usually caused by a blood clot that develops in one of the coronary arteries (blood vessels that supply the heart with blood). It can also occur if an artery suddenly narrows (spasm).

Heart Failure - also known as congestive heart failure. The heart does not pump blood around the body efficiently. The left or right side of the body might be affected; sometimes both sides are. Coronary artery disease or hypertension (high blood pressure) can over time leave the heart too stiff or weak to fill and pump properly.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy - a genetic disorder in which the wall of the left ventricle becomes thick, making it harder for blood to leave the heart. The heart has to work harder to pump blood. This is the leading cause of sudden death in athletes. A father or mother with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has a 50% chance of passing the disorder onto their children.

Mitral Regurgitation - also known as mitral valve regurgitation, mitral insufficiency or mitral incompetence occurs when the mitral valve in the heart does not close tightly enough, allowing blood to flow back into the heart when it shouldn't. Blood cannot move through the heart or the body efficiently. Patients feel tired and out of breath.

Mitral Valve Prolapse - the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle does not fully close, it prolapses (bulges) upwards, or back into the atrium. In the majority of cases the condition is not life threatening and no treatment is required. Some patients, especially if the condition is marked by mitral regurgitation, may require treatment.

Pulmonary Stenosis - it is hard for the heart to pump blood from the right ventricle into the pulmonary article because the pulmonary valve is too tight; the right ventricle has to do more work to overcome the obstruction.

Cardio Care with Homoeopathy: Almost every one has a firm belief in a myth that Homoeopathy works slowly & hence it cannot do any help to save a life in Emergency cases but we at bodhin deal with many emergencies everyday. Homoeopathic medicines work in seconds & do wonders, not only saving a patient's life but giving a long term relief and painless and gentle recovery from the diseased condition.

Homeopathy has very effective treatment for most of the heart related ailments. The advantage of homeopathy is that it goes by symptoms and takes in to consideration much more details than any other healing system. Since each disease has its own peculiar symptoms, symptomatic approach automatically takes care of underlying cause. Most of those who received homeopathic treatment have benefited a great deal. It helps in a quicker and much better way.

Innovational Excellence in Diagnostics & Treatment: Being well versed with latest innovational Medical updates we are dedicated to provide the best possible treatment to our patients. The comprehensive range of healthcare services available at Cardio Life Care ensure that, whatever your ailment, you will always receive the best possible medical care.

 
 

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