Cystitis refers to inflammation of the bladder, specifically, inflammation of the wall of the bladder.
Approximately 80% of all urinary tract infections are caused by Escherichia coli. Bacteria called Escherichia coli fasten to the lining of the bladder by means of thread-like structures (pili). Cystitis usually occurs when the urethra and bladder, which are normally sterile (microbe free) become infected by bacteria - the area becomes irritated and inflamed. Cystitis is a fairly common lower urinary tract infection, which affects people of both sexes and all ages. It is more common among females than males.
Signs & Symptoms:
Cystitis signs and symptoms often include:
- A strong, persistent urge to urinate
- Passing frequent, small amounts of urine
- Passing cloudy or strong-smelling urine
- A feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen
- A burning sensation when urinating
- Blood in the urine (hematuria)
- Discomfort in the pelvic area
- Low-grade fever
UTI typically occurs when bacteria outside the body enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply. Most cases of cystitis are caused by a type of Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria.
Bacterial bladder infections may occur in women as a result of sexual intercourse. But even sexually inactive girls and women are susceptible to lower urinary tract infections because the female genital area often harbors bacteria that can cause cystitis.
Main types of infections
The two main types of bacterial bladder infections are:
- Community-acquired bladder infections. These infections occur when people who aren't in a medical care facility develop a bladder infection. Bladder infections are more common in women than in men.
- Hospital-acquired bladder infections. These infections, also called nosocomial infections, occur in people in a medical care facility, such as a hospital or nursing home.
Although bacterial infections are the most common cause of cystitis, a number of noninfectious factors also may cause the bladder to become inflamed. Some examples:
- Interstitial cystitis. The cause of this chronic bladder inflammation, also called painful bladder syndrome, is unclear. Most cases are diagnosed in women.
- Drug-induced cystitis. Certain medications, particularly the chemotherapy drugs cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide, can cause inflammation of your bladder as the broken-down components of the drugs exit your body.
- Radiation cystitis. Radiation treatment of the pelvic area can cause inflammatory changes in bladder tissue.
- Foreign-body cystitis. Long-term use of a catheter can predispose you to bacterial infections and to tissue damage, both of which can cause inflammation.
- Chemical cystitis. Some people may be hypersensitive to chemicals contained in certain products, such as bubble bath, feminine hygiene sprays or spermicidal jellies, and may develop an allergic-type reaction within the bladder, causing inflammation.
- Cystitis associated with other conditions. Cystitis may sometimes occur as a complication of other disorders, such as gynecologic cancers, pelvic inflammatory disorders, endometriosis, Crohn's disease, diverticulitis, lupus or tuberculosis.
Homoeopathy at bodhin offers excellent personalized programs to combat the above-mentioned signs & symptoms & prevent its recurrence.
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