Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes people to have recurring seizures. The seizures happen when clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain send out the wrong signals. People may have strange sensations and emotions or behave strangely. They may have violent muscle spasms or lose consciousness.
Causes of Epilepsy:
There are around 180,000 new cases of epilepsy each year. About 30% occur in children. Children and elderly adults are the ones most often affected. There is a clear cause for epilepsy in only a minority of the cases. Typically, the known causes of seizure involve some injury to the brain. Some of the main causes of epilepsy include:
- Low oxygen during birth
- Head injuries that occur during birth or from accidents during youth or adulthood
- Brain tumors
- Genetic conditions that result in brain injury, such as tuberous sclerosis
- Infections such as meningitis or encephalitis
- Stroke or any other type of damage to the brain
- Abnormal levels of substances such as sodium or blood sugar
In up to 70% of all case of epilepsy in adults and children, no cause can ever be discovered
Causes of Seizures
Although the underlying causes of epilepsy are usually not known, certain factors are known to provoke seizures in people with epilepsy. Avoiding these triggers can help you avoid seizures and live better with epilepsy:
- Missing medication doses
- Heavy alcohol use
- Cocaine or other drug use, such as ecstasy
- Lack of sleep
- Other drugs that interfere with seizure medications
For about one out of every two women with epilepsy, seizures tend to occur more around the time of menstrual periods. Changing or adding certain drugs before menstrual periods can help.
The main symptoms of epilepsy are repeated seizures. There are some symptoms, which may indicate a person has epilepsy. If one or more of these symptoms are present a medical exam is advised, especially if they recur:
- A convulsion with no temperature (no fever).
- Short spells of blackout, or confused memory.
- Intermittent fainting spells, during which bowel or bladder control is lost. This is frequently followed by extreme tiredness.
- For a short period the person is unresponsive to instructions or questions.
- The person becomes stiff, suddenly, for no obvious reason.
- The person suddenly falls for no clear reason.
- Sudden bouts of blinking without apparent stimuli.
- Sudden bouts of chewing, without any apparent reason.
- For a short time the person seems dazed, and unable to communicate.
- Repetitive movements that seem inappropriate.
- The person becomes fearful for no apparent reason, he/she may even panic or become angry.
- Peculiar changes in senses; such as smell, touch and sound.
- The arms, legs, or body jerk, in babies these will appear as cluster of rapid jerking movements.
Classification of epilepsy:
The seizures that the patient experiences are of various forms, they are classified as below:
- Partial epilepsy: patient looses consciousness, there may be twitching or jerking of one single part like twitching of finger or fingers, or twitching of facial muscles. It happens because of the pausing of the electrical activity in the brain, which could be in one part, or can move to another part or may stay in one area until the seizure is over.
- Generalized seizure: Electrical disturbances occurring all over brain at same time are generalized seizures. They are further classified as follows:
- Petit mal: the conversation is associated with brief pauses e.g.: suddenly stops talking in middle of the sentence, and then carries on where he left off. Usually seen in childhood.
- Grand mal: has sudden onset, with loss of consciousness, limbs stiffened, and then they jerk and can feel drowsy post seizure.
- Myoclonic jerk: sudden fall on the ground or giving up of the limb.
- Atonic: becoming flaccid
- Akinetic: usually associated with less motility of limbs like in infantile spasms.
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach.
This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat epilepsy but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility & thereby strengthening one's immune system.
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