PCOD (also known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS) is a condition affecting the ovaries that can produce symptoms related to a woman's menstrual cycle, fertility, hormones, insulin production, heart, blood vessels and appearance.
PCOD is the most common hormonal reproductive problem in women of childbearing age. An estimated five to 10 percent of women of childbearing age have PCOD.
Women with PCOD have:

  • High levels of male hormones (androgens)
  • An irregular or no menstrual cycle
  • Many small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) in their ovaries (although this may not always be the case)


The exact cause of PCOD is not known. Women with PCOD frequently have a mother or sister with PCOD. But there is not yet enough evidence to say there is a genetic link to this disorder.

Many women with PCOD have a weight problem. So researchers are looking at the relationship between PCOD and the body's ability to make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the change of sugar, starches, and other food into energy for the body's use or for storage. Since some women with PCOD make too much insulin, it's possible that the ovaries react by making too many male hormones, called androgens. This can lead to ovulation problems, excessive hair growth, weight gain and acne.


These are some of the symptoms of PCOD. Various combinations of these symptoms can be seen in patients:

  • Infrequent menstrual periods, absent menstrual periods, and/or irregular bleeding
  • Infertility or inability to get pregnant because of not ovulating
  • Increased growth of hair on the face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs, or toes
  • Acne, oily skin, dandruff
  • Pelvic pain e
  • Weight gain or obesity, usually carrying extra weight around the waist
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Male-pattern baldness or thinning hair
  • Patches of thickened and dark brown or black skin on the neck, arms, breasts, or thighs
  • Skin tags or tiny excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area


Women with PCOD can be at an increased risk for developing several other conditions. Irregular menstrual periods and the absence of ovulation cause women to produce the hormone estrogen, but not the hormone progesterone. Without progesterone, which causes the endometrium to shed each month as a menstrual period, the endometrium becomes thick, which can cause heavy bleeding or irregular bleeding. Eventually, this can lead to endometrial hyperplasia or cancer.
With PCOD are also at higher risk for:

  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease

Homeopathy medicines are very effective and useful to PCOD/PCOS. These medicines are safe, have no side effects. It is helpful not only to regulate the menstrual cycle but also to prevent/reduce complications like weight gain, hair growth etc.


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