Tinea infections are fungal infections caused by dermatophytes - a group of fungi that invade and grow in dead keratin. Several species commonly invade human keratin and these belong to the Epidermophyton, Microsporum and Trichophyton genera. They tend to grow outwards on skin producing a ring-like pattern - hence the term 'ringworm'. They are very common and affect different parts of the body. They can usually be successfully treated but success depends on the site of infection and on compliance with treatment.
Polyps usually grow in both nostrils; they can also grow on their own or in clusters. Polyps in just one side of the nose are not common.
Infection is limited to the dead layers of skin but encouraged by a damp and warm local environment. The infection can be transmitted to humans by anthropophilic (between people), geophilic (from soil) and zoophilic (from animals) spread.
Clinical classification is according to site:
- Scalp - tinea capitis.
- Hands - tinea manuum.
- Beard area - tinea barbae.
- Body including trunk and arms - tinea corporis.
- Feet - tinea pedis (Athlete's foot)
- Nail - tinea unguium (or onychomycosis).
- Groin - tinea cruris (Jock Itch)
The symptoms can include:
- Itching and stinging
- Cracking, splitting and peeling in the toe web spaces
- Yellow or white discoloration of the nails
- Red scaly rash that is shaped like a ring (annular)
- Bald spots on the scalp.
Risk factors for tinea infection include the following:
- Moist conditions
- Communal baths
- Immunocompromised states (including the use of immunosuppressive drugs)
- Genetic predisposition
- Athletic activity that causes skin tears, abrasions, or trauma such as wrestling, judo, or soccer.
It is important to remember that tinea is contagious. Suggestions on how to prevent the spread of infection to others include:
- Treat tinea infections with antifungal cream.
- Wash your hands after touching infected areas.
- Do not share towels.
- Do not walk around barefoot if you have tinea pedis (tinea of the feet).
- Clean the shower, bath and bathroom floor after use.
Homeopathic medicines offer excellent results in skin diseases. Homeopathic medications can help reducing the severity of symptoms following the disease and provide effective relief without any side effects and good for the immunity. Homeopathy is of use in eradicating chronic relapsing conditions. Homoeopathy doesn't treat the "disease in man" but it treats the "man in disease". Homoeopathy treats the cause of disease and the illness will disappear. Homoeopathy is strongly recommended.
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